Variabilidad regional en incidencia, características generales y resultados finales de la parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria en España: Registro OHSCAR

Objetivos. Existe gran variabilidad internacional en la incidencia y los resultados en la atención a la parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria (PCRE). El objetivo es conocer si existe variabilidad en la incidencia, características y resultados en supervivencia en la atención a la PCRE por los servicios extrahospitalarios de emergencias (SEM) de España. Método. Análisis descriptivo, retrospectivo de…

Associations of persistent organic pollutants in human adipose tissue with retinoid levels and their relevance to the redox microenvironment

Humans are exposed to a myriad of chemical substances in both occupational and environmental settings. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have drawn attention for their adverse effects including cancer and endocrine disruption. Herein, the objectives were 1) to describe serum and adipose tissue retinol levels, along with serum retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) concentrations, and 2)…

Physical Environment vs. Social Environment: What Factors of Age-Friendliness Predict Subjective Well-Being in Men and Women?

“Age-Friendly Cities and Communities” is an initiative launched by the WHO in 2007 that has spread to more than 1000 cities and communities around the world. This initiative is based on an integrated physical and social environment for older people, and a model of participatory, collaborative governance. An enabling social environment setting is just as…

Impacto de la ratio paciente-enfermera en los resultados de salud en los hospitales públicos del Servicio Andaluz de Salud. Estudio ecológico

Objetivo Analizar la ratio paciente-enfermera y su asociación con los resultados en salud en hospitales públicos del Servicio Andaluz de Salud (SAS). Método Estudio ecológico transversal realizado en unidades de adultos de 26 hospitales públicos andaluces. Se recogieron datos de estructura (camas, tipo de unidad, control de enfermería), de gestión (estancia media, índice de utilización…

Development and validation of a lifestyle-based model for colorectal cancer risk prediction: the LiFeCRC score

Background Nutrition and lifestyle have been long established as risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC). Modifiable lifestyle behaviours bear potential to minimize long-term CRC risk; however, translation of lifestyle information into individualized CRC risk assessment has not been implemented. Lifestyle-based risk models may aid the identification of high-risk individuals, guide referral to screening and motivate…

Associations of residential and occupational history with the distribution of persistent pollutant mixtures in adipose tissue samples

This research aims to explore clusters of a mixture of 15 Persistent Toxic Substances (PTSs) in the adipose tissue of 227 individuals of an adult cohort from Granada Province (Southern Spain). Information about residence and occupation during participants lifetime was gathered by means of validated questionnaires. Clusters of pollutants in the study population were identified…

Kaposi sarcoma incidence, survival and trends: Data from the information network on rare cancers in Europe (RARECAREnet)

Background This study provides updated information on Kaposi sarcoma (KS) in Europe during 1995–2007 from the RARECARENet project. Methods Data comes from 59 population-based cancer registries in 22 countries. KS was defined as ICD-O-3 morphology code 9140 combined with any topography code. Crude and age-adjusted incidence rates and relative survival for years of diagnosis 2000–2007…

Risk Prediction for Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Prospective Cohort Study

Background: Early detection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has the potential to improve disease outcomes. No screening program for sporadic RCC is in place. Given relatively low incidence, screening would need to focus on people at high risk of clinically meaningful disease so as to limit overdiagnosis and screen-detected false positives. Methods: Among 192,172 participants…

PNS108 Proposal for a Core Evaluation Framework of Value Added Medicines

Objectives Through incremental innovation by repositioning, reformulating and combining of off-patent pharmaceuticals, value added medicines (VAMs) offer potential benefits at affordable R&D costs. Current evaluation frameworks are primarily designed for de novo pharmaceuticals, consequently the mismatch between evidence requirements by public decision-makers and the evidence generated by manufacturers prevents exploiting the full societal benefits of…

Atención sanitaria al malestar premenstrual. La perspectiva de las mujeres

Objetivo Existe una alta prevalencia de malestar premenstrual en las mujeres españolas que conlleva efectos negativos como el detrimento de su calidad de vida. Adoptando el enfoque biopsicosocial, este estudio pretende conocer las vivencias y las experiencias de las mujeres, indagar en sus creencias y actitudes sobre el síndrome premenstrual y la eliminación de la…