Polyphenol intake and differentiated thyroid cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Cohort

Polyphenols are bioactive compounds with several anticarcinogenic activities; however, human data regarding associations with thyroid cancer (TC) is still negligible. Our aim was to evaluate the association between intakes of total, classes and subclasses of polyphenols and risk of differentiated TC and its main subtypes, papillary and follicular, in a European population.The European Prospective Investigation…

2015 Beers Criteria and STOPP v2 for detecting potentially inappropriate medication in community-dwelling older people: prevalence, profile, and risk factors

Purpose To comparatively assess the prevalence rates of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) obtained by the former and latest versions of American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria (AGS BC) and screening tool of older person’s potentially inappropriate prescriptions (STOPP), and analyze the factors of influence on PIM. Methods Cross-sectional study including 582 community-dwelling older adults over the…

Evaluation of the Biases in the Studies that Assess the Effects of the Great Recession on Health. A Systematic Review

Background: Our main objective was to evaluate the fundamental biases detected in studies assessing the effects the Great Recession had on health for the case of Spain. As secondary objectives we presented methods to control these biases and to discuss the results of the studies in question if they had controlled for them. Methods: We…

Childhood chromium exposure and neuropsychological development in children living in two polluted areas in southern Spain

This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to chromium and neuropsychological development among children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 393 children aged 6–11 years old randomly selected from State-funded schools in two provinces in Southern Spain (Almeria and Huelva), in 2010 and 2012. Chromium levels in urine and hair samples were analyzed…

Blood pressure and risk of cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Several studies have reported associations of hypertension with cancer, but not all results were conclusive. We examined the association of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure with the development of incident cancer at all anatomical sites in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Hazard ratios (HR) (95% confidence intervals) were estimated…

Psychological factors related to time to help-seeking for cancer symptoms: A meta-analysis across cancer sites

The time patients wait before seeking help for cancer symptoms is among the most important factors contributing to diagnostic delays in cancer. We reviewed the association between time to help-seeking and three psychological factors: symptom knowledge, symptom interpretation, and beliefs about cancer (Prospero review protocol CRD42018088944). Forty-seven studies published between 1990 and 2019 met the…

Cancer screening risk literacy of physicians in training: An experimental study

We investigated what factors may foster or hinder physicians’ cancer screening risk literacy–specifically the ability to understand evidence regarding screening effectiveness and make evidence-based recommendations to patients. In an experiment, physicians in training (interns and residents) read statistical information about outcomes from screening for cancer, and had to decide whether to recommend it to a…