Effectiveness of patient-targeted interventions to increase cancer screening participation in rural areas: A systematic review

Background Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. The GLOBOCAN estimated 18.1 million new cases of cancer and 9.6 million deaths from cancer in 2018. In some of the more frequent cancers, mortality can be significantly reduced through cancer screening programs. Nevertheless, socially disadvantaged groups have difficulties in benefitting from these screening programs, especially…

Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis for HTA across four EU Member States: Piloting the Advance Value Framework

Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) has emerged as a likely methodology for Health Technology Assessment (HTA). However limited empirical evidence is available on its use by decision-makers and only as part of single-setting exercises, without cross-county studies available. This pilot study applies the Advance Value Framework (AVF), an MCDA methodology for HTA based on multi-attribute…

Adipose tissue concentrations of non-persistent environmental phenols and local redox balance in adults from Southern Spain

The aim was to evaluate the associations of environmental phenol and paraben concentrations with the oxidative microenvironment in adipose tissue. This study was conducted in a subsample (n = 144) of the GraMo cohort (Southern Spain). Concentrations of 9 phenols and 7 parabens, and levels of oxidative stress biomarkers were quantified in adipose tissue. Associations were estimated…

Reproductive and Lifestyle Factors and Circulating sRANKL and OPG Concentrations in Women: Results from the EPIC Cohort

Background: Except for a documented increase in osteoprotegerin (OPG) concentrations with older age, data on determinants of soluble Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor κB (sRANKL) and OPG concentrations in women are limited. We evaluated reproductive and lifestyle factors as potential sources of variation in circulating sRANKL and OPG concentrations in pre- and postmenopausal women. Methods:…