Uso de heurísticos y error diagnóstico en Atención Primaria: revisión panorámica

Objetivo Evaluar la evidencia sobre el uso de heurísticos de representatividad, disponibilidad, anclaje y ajuste y exceso de confianza en la práctica clínica real, específicamente en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria. Diseño Revisión panorámica (scoping review). Fuentes de datos Bases de datos de OvidMedline, Scopus, PsycoINFO, Cochrane Library y PubMed. Con el fin de…

The experience‐based format of probability improves probability estimates: The moderating role of individual differences in numeracy

People with low statistical numeracy have difficulties understanding numerical information. For instance, they often misunderstand the probability of experiencing side effects, which could reduce adherence to medical treatments. We investigated whether presenting information about probability using a method based on the direct experience of events influences the accuracy of probability estimates compared to viewing a…

One‐carbon metabolism biomarkers and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Published associations between dietary folate and bladder cancer risk are inconsistent. Biomarkers may provide more accurate measures of nutrient status. This nested case‐control analysis within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) investigated associations between pre‐diagnostic serum folate, homocysteine, vitamins B6 and B12 and the risk of urothelial cell carcinomas of the bladder…

Effectiveness of interventions to improve cancer treatment and follow‐up care in socially disadvantaged groups

Objective To identify and characterize the interventions that aimed to improve cancer treatment and follow‐up care in socially disadvantaged groups. To summarize the state‐of‐the‐art for clinicians and researchers. Methods We conducted a systematic review following PRISMA guidelines. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials and quasi‐experimental studies with a control group (usual care or enhanced usual…

Descubriendo R-Commander 2019

R es un lenguaje de programación muy flexible orientado a la estadística computacional, el análisis de datos y el desarrollo de gráficos, características que lo ha convertido en un lenguaje muy popular entre estadísticos y matemáticos especializados en estadística computacional. A pesar de sus cualidades técnicas, el uso de R puede resultar complejo para personas…