Serologic markers of Chlamydia trachomatis and other sexually transmitted infections and subsequent ovarian cancer risk: Results from the EPIC cohort

A substantial proportion of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) arises in the fallopian tube and other epithelia of the upper genital tract; these epithelia may incur damage and neoplastic transformation following sexually transmitted infections (STI) and pelvic inflammatory disease. We investigated the hypothesis that past STI infection, particularly Chlamydia trachomatis, is associated with higher EOC risk in…

Historical exposure to non-persistent environmental pollutants and risk of type 2 diabetes in a Spanish sub-cohort from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study

Background Environmental factors are believed to account for a substantial burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Non-persistent environmental pollutants (npEPs) are a group of widely-used chemicals identified as endocrine/metabolic disrupting chemicals and obesogens. The aim of this study was to analyse the potential associations of serum levels of three groups of npEPs with the…

La pobreza vivida: experiencias de niñas, niños y adolescentes en Andalucía

El objetivo principal de esta investigación ha sido explorar la influencia de las dificultades económicas en la infancia y adolescencia, desde la perspectiva de niños, niñas y adolescentes en situación de pobreza o vulnerabilidad económica en Andalucía. Comprender las percepciones, opiniones y vivencias de estos niños y niñas resulta fundamental para plantear iniciativas y acciones…

Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to COVID-19

Prisons are epicentres for infectious diseases because of the higher background prevalence of infection, the higher levels of risk factors for infection, the unavoidable close contact in often overcrowded, poorly ventilated, and unsanitary facilities, and the poor access to health-care services relative to that in community settings. 1 Infections can be transmitted between prisoners, staff…

Compliance with the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Cancer Prevention Recommendations and Prostate Cancer

The etiology of prostate cancer (PCa) remains largely unknown. Compliance with the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) cancer prevention recommendations and its relationship to PCa was evaluated. A total of 398 incident PCa cases and 302 controls were included. The selection criteria for both cases and controls were: (i) age…

Healthy lifestyle and the risk of lymphoma in the EPIC study

Limited evidence exists on the role of modifiable lifestyle factors on the risk of lymphoma. In this work, the associations between adherence to healthy lifestyles and risks of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non‐Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were evaluated in a large‐scale European prospective cohort. Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 2,999 incident…